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Improving the ability of farmers, ecosystems and governments to cope with climate change
Smallholder farmers in developing countries are the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Increasing variability in year-to-year rainfall and more frequent extreme events will change ecosystems and speed up the degradation of soil and water resources. Smallholder farming communities that rely on these resources, and have limited ability to expand or intensify, will suffer most from the negative impacts of climate change.
There is growing recognition of the role agroforestry can play in improving the resilience of farming systems to climate variability. The World Agroforestry Centre is helping to promote global awareness of the need to invest in the increased use of trees by farmers to intensify, diversify and buffer farm systems, thereby safeguarding smallholders’ livelihoods.
The Centre is advocating for smallholders to benefit from potential carbon markets. This would see agroforestry having an enormous impact on poverty and hunger around the world.
The Climate Change Unit is one of ICRAF's six science domains. It focuses on agroforestry-based research to improve the resilience of farming systems to climate variability and change, and to identify opportunities for climate change mitigation. The research carried out by the Climate Change Unit is targetted at improving the livelihoods of smallholder farming communities in developing countries.