Settling Indonesia's land tenure disputes the ADR way
In an effort to understand why land tenure disputes in Indonesia are on the rise, a research group called Scale Up conducted research into Indonesia’s dispute-resolution pathways. Some key findings are shared on the Forest Peoples Programme website. It is reported that "the Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) recorded 359 forest-related conflicts between Jan 1997 and June 2003." The study welcomes the proper use of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) pathways.
In many cases, natural resource conflicts arise because the control locals have over their resource and the role they play within it, conflict with the legal rights given to other parties. In most cases, these are government companies and private investors. The Scale Up study concludes that decentralization policies have increased the level of these conflicts.
Cases similar to the ones in Indonesia show the importance of managing the interest of all landscape stakeholders. The multipurpose land-use approach advocated by the World Agroforestry Centre guarantees that all stakeholders get an equitable say in the way a particular landscape is used.
The Scale Up study, involving three Indonesian provinces, found that the escalation of natural resource conflicts led to other issues that include the destruction of the livelihoods of locals as well as negative impacts on their social structures.
If properly supported, Scale Up finds that ADR offer the best way to solve conflicts. Moreover, the study concluded that the success of the ADR depends on the neutrality of the mediator.
To read more on this report please visit Forest Peoples Programme website.
Click to find out how the World Agroforestry Centre is helping solve land tenure disputes.